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Everything To Know About Crypto Cross-Border Payments

Everything To Know About Crypto Cross-Border Payments

Cross-border payments is amongst other sources, a critical stream of income for banks. In 2015, transfers accounted for 20 per cent of all transactions in the payment sector, producing 50 per cent of payment revenues. Global Payments Study 2019 showed profits from global payments of $1.9 trillion, while transaction fee growth stagnated due to the highly competitive and regulatory pressures.

Amid this, banks opted to use old-style corporate banking schemes such as Visa, Mastercard and SWIFT for international transactions – despite their inherent limitations. In particular, these systems are costly, sluggish and complicated. In fact, the World Bank study showed that the global average for remittances was 6.82% in Q4 2019, which is still large.

Fortunately, technology is going to change things quickly – for the better. With the introduction of mobile banking, e-commerce and digital wallets, banks will have to reconsider their corresponding cross-border banking framework. Moreover the advent of blockchain technologies has significantly changed the cross-border payment system, forcing banks to realign their goods.

Let’s explore how blockchain technologies can disrupt cross-border payments by examining how correspondent banking challenges have been addressed.

How Do Cross-border Crypto Payments Work?

These transfers are carried out using blockchains—the removal of the need for banks, which also slow down their transfers considerably.

Let’s say you’re in Spain and you want to transfer money to Africa. The first move is to turn fiat currency into a digital asset of your choosing. There is a wide variety of websites and channels that act as on-ramp”—that is, transactions can be done via money transfers and credit cards.

This cryptocurrency can be deposited in a safe wallet. When it’s time to make a payment to your mates, they will give you their wallet address—comparable to your old-fashioned bank account number. These addresses can contain hundreds of characters, so transcribing them carefully is important.

When the funds have landed in the account, the beneficiary has a range of options. They could either turn the crypto to a fiat and remove it or exchange it for a less volatile digital asset like a stablecoin.

How Much Money Does Crypto Give Around The World?

Digital assets have a small market share in total cross-border payments—but demand is increasing.

As per  Juniper Research, worldwide digital remittances are expected to grow to $525 billion by 2024—a 10% boost from where they were in 2019. This number excludes Fintech platforms that only deal in the flat.

“Using a blockchain-powered framework, operators can provide their users a much quicker, affordable and more accessible service,” the writers said.

This opinion was reiterated by BlockData, which recently reported that blockchain-based transfers are usually 388 times quicker and 127 times lower than conventional remittances.

It’s a fast-moving market, and it’s impossible to quantify the precise sum of cross-border transfers made using crypto. That being said, Clovr estimates reveal that 15 percent of those who made money transfers from the U.S. used a digital asset like Bitcoin in 2017—making it more common than prepaid cards, checks and currency. When it comes to business-to-business fees paid by blockchain, this amount was $171 billion in 2019, yet Juniper Research predicts that this will surpass $4.4 trillion in about four years.

Why Opt For Cross-border Crypto Payments?

It’s quicker and cheaper, and this could help to crack down on laundering money.

There’s a lot of curiosity around how blockchain will turn cross-border transfers as we understand it—making money transfers where employees in overseas nations send money back home to their loved ones, much cheaper.

The World Bank currently forecasts that money transfers sent via fiat networks would result in an average charge of 6.75 per cent. For those with a small salary, this will take a large part of their earnings. While this will be less than the 9.67 per cent paid in 2009, there is still a big step to go. In the early 2010s, the G8 and G20 set an aim of 5% reduction in remittance costs—and the UN Sustainable Development Goals set an aim of 3% by 2030.

Cryptocurrencies will help to accomplish these targets even quicker. According to Deloitte’s estimates, blockchain has the ability to reduce transaction costs by between 40% and 80%. Although the benefits do not come to an end. It may take three to five business days for funds to be cleared through old-fashioned wireline networks—not suitable for anyone who wants money in a rush. On certain blockchains, though, transfers can be checked in seconds.

The benefits do not come to an end. As Deloitte states, blockchain transactions can be rich data—meaning metadata can be transferred from end to end. All of this will help to fight money laundering and terrorism funding, two areas of worry for regulators. Many crypto services have already launched Know The Consumer scans to validate customers.

One of the key advantages that cryptocurrency will bring is unlocking unbanked connections to financial services. Research shows that 80 percent of customers in sub-Saharan Africa fell into this category—and a total of 1.7 billion people worldwide do not have a bank account. There may be a variety of explanations for this. Financial institutions do not work in their geographical region, these facilities may be too costly, or customers may have a lack of confidence. Here are some more benefits of opting for cross-border crypto payments. 

Low Transaction costs  

Usually, each intermediary bank charges a SWIFT processing fee for the service they offer, which is carried on to the customer, increasing the transaction costs. Rather than incurring these costs, blockchain replaces intermediaries, enabling you to pay just a small charge or even zero fees.

Rapid already offers low-cost flexibility to financial institutions responsible for overseeing cross-border transfers. While payments involve pre-funded local currency, xRapid will promote the process without depending on nostro accounts, thus reducing the cost of cross-border payments.

Secure Payments 

Standard cross-border transfers require a centralized government, such as a bank, for settling purposes. However, centralization creates flaws such as hackers that can damage user details.

Blockchain technology enables encrypted transfers by protecting all cryptographic transactions on the network. Transactions are then connected to prior transactions and are spread to all users of the network. In order for a hacker to tamper with some transaction, he/she must change all previous transactions, which is unlikely.

Increased Transparency

The integrity of transaction fees is a critical prerequisite for any company that is focused on making and accepting foreign payments. As per a joint SWIFT and EuroFinance report, the lack of traceability of transfers, the concealment of bank charges and the variations in sums are core issues in cross-border payments.

The coarseness of the expenses involved with cross-border payments makes it almost impossible for businesses to assess the sum they would face. In the subsequent banking scheme, both the initiating bank and the international bank hold their own flags with which reconciliations and agreements are made. This is contributing to a lack of accountability. The panacea to the dilemma lies in the technologies of blockchain.

Blockchain, as a universal ledger in a distributed network, requires the sender and the recipient, as nodes on the network, to have a direct copy of the ledger. In addition, other nodes in the network must validate any changes by way of a consensus process.

Often, there are no collateral banks/intermediaries included in such a situation, removing any risk of manipulation. The distributed ledger thus enables a bilateral, immutable transfer of value with the help of the settlement agency.

In summary, blockchain technology has numerous uses in the banking sector. In the field of cross-border payments, several financial institutions are partnering with blockchain platforms to provide their clients with comprehensive, safe and cheap services. Few financial players have been reluctant, opting to renovate their central infrastructure.

Although it is evident that the scale appears to be tilting towards blockchain because more people like its transparency, efficiency and transaction costs. Eventually, banks would have to reassess and reassess their payment processes to satisfy the demands of their clients.

So, join the future and buy cryptocurrencies like BizzCoin that can help you attain all the benefits of cryptocurrencies and much more! 

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